Lombricol
 
Líquid Organic fertlizer FO-EO1


Guarantees to be applied a biological load of millions of microorganisms / gram represented by bacteria and fungi and other organisms such as yeasts. In addition to biochemical substances such as humic acids, fulvic acids, auxins, gibberellins, amino acids, cytokines, which accelerate and improve the physiological processes of the plant and its nutrition, flowering, fruiting and correct the physicochemical deficiencies of soils. The use of Lombricol FO - E01 FERTILIZER, applied in a foliar way, allows biocontrol of pathogens in plants by acting on the surface of leaves and associated microbes. It also has a suppressive effect due to the wide spectrum of mechanisms, such as induced resistance, inhibition of spore germination, antagonistic effect and biostimulant effect. Studies show that the extracts have active components of bacteria (Bacillus), ferments (sporobolomyces and cryptococcus) and fungi, as well as chemical antagonists such as phenols and amino acids, which have positive effects on plant growth and sanitary conditions (Mendrzycki , 2001).

Origin of the organic liquid fertilizer lombricol FO-E01

It comes from the semi-mutant Californian Red Earthworm because its feeding is only based on the dry powdered coffee leaf, it does not feed like any other earthworm that absorbs the macronutrients from the soil for its growth.

Duration of the production and development process of the organic liquid fertilizer lombricol FO-E01

Production takes place between 10 and 12 months, of which the ingredients are kept in reactors for 8 or 10 months, which are responsible for stirring and developing the earthworm extract, at the end of the first 10 months it moves to another tank of aeration for 1 or 2 months, at the end of this step, it is transferred to containers where only the liquid biostimulant rests for 1 or 2 months, after passing through a filtration system, retaining all the solid obtained in the development of the preparation, then it will pass to be dehydrated and then pulverized in the mills to finally be bagged and sold for its different uses and applications.

Note: Our fertilizer, is a certified organic liquid biostimulant that during its production develops amino acids and protohormones and can be used for various treatments and applications in different sectors nationally and internationally, working in any region, climate, height, land, fruit, flower , plant, tree, grass, vegetable, vegetable, etc. Erroneously called foliar organic liquid fertilizer such as products offered nationally and internationally, being products re-potentiated by chemicals difficult to obtain organic certification.

Bioestimulants

According to Ortiz et al, (1999), a way to control diseases in different crops, including bananas, has been the use of Bioestimulates. These are liquid fertilizers that exert physiological functions when applied to crops, since they are commonly formed by amino acids, nutritional compounds and hormones, which cause the following effects:

1) Bioestimulant Effect

The amino acids that are metabolized quickly, originate biologically active substances that act invigorating and stimulating vegetation. When used in agriculture, they are of great importance in the critical periods of the crops, or in those crops of highly intensive production. Its application at appropriate times improves the effect of the remaining mineral fertilizers applied to the crop (Parrota, 1991).

2) Hormonal Effect

They stimulate the formation of chlorophyll, indoleacetic acid (IAA), the production of vitamins and the synthesis of numerous enzyme systems. The combined action of biostimulants and hormones is reflected in stimuli produced on flowering, fruit set, advance in maturation and improvement in size, color, richness in sugars and vitamins (Parrota, 1991).

3) Regulatory effect of microelement metabolism

Amino acids can form chelates with different microelements (iron, copper, zinc and manganese especially), favoring their transport and penetration into plant tissues. The biological incompatibility between products based on amino acids and, for example, cupric compounds, is due to the fact that amino acids form bonds with Cu, which penetrates into plant tissues and can produce phytotoxicity in the crop. This quality of transporting molecules into plant tissues is currently used to improve the effectiveness of various systemic or penetrating phytosanitary products such as phytoregulators and fungicides, which even allow reducing the application of certain doses of fertilizers or agrochemicals to the crop (Parrota, 1991).

In addition, according to Poincelot (1993), biostimulants stimulate the radical system and plant growth due to the nutritional and hormonal balance that is obtained with its application. These can be used in foliar sprays through irrigation systems.

Amino acids in foliar fertilization

According to Restrepo (1998), the use of organic compounds and plant extracts as a source of amino acids in foliar fertilization of agricultural crops, has been used since 1968. Currently, the results of research on the effect of amino acids in agriculture, demonstrate their importance for the development and productivity of crops.

Amino acids are the basic components of proteins. These constitute, with carbohydrates and lipids, the third group of fundamental substances of organisms, both animal and vegetable. Plants synthesize amino acids through enzymatic reactions in amination and transamination processes. The amination is produced by ammonium salts absorbed from the soil and organic acids obtained from the process of photosynthesis (Restrepo, 1998).

The plant performs protein synthesis from amino acids, the presence of each and every one of the constituents of the protein in question being essential. Having a solution that contains a high content of free amino acids allows the plant to provide a direct source for protein synthesis. However, in addition to providing a solution rich in free amino acids, it is important to provide amino acids of biological importance, such as glycine, alanine, glutamic acid and proline (Restrepo, 1996).

Free amino acids and protein hydrolysates not only constitute a nutrient, but are a growth regulator. These exert different actions in each crop and in each variety. They can act when the plant shows specific needs, for example: in moments of full growth, flowering, environmental changes such as (frost, drought), fungal or viral diseases. The main advantage of the use of free amino acids in foliar fertilization is that when absorbed quickly by the plant, they are used immediately, without requiring major transformations (Restrepo, 1996).

Effect of substrate amino acids on plant functioning

The amino acids in soils or substrates, have a direct influence on biological activity and organic matter. They stimulate the absorption of nutrients by plants, because they activate the mechanisms necessary to make them available. The use of amino acids in foliar fertilization of plants grown in substrates, increases the formation of substances that serve to transport certain nutrients and improves the physical characteristics of the substrate, such as porosity and moisture retention capacity (Buchanan et al , 2000).

Húmicas Substances

Humic substances are organic materials that result from the decomposition of organic waste from plants and animals. They are organic macromolecules with very complex and chemically very stable structures. In them there are always aromatic nuclei such as carboxylic, carboxylic and hydroxyl groups. The formation of humic substances is a fairly complex biological chemical process, which involves the action of microorganisms responsible for performing the microbial decomposition of organic tissues present in the soil, as well as a series of chemical reactions that carry out the transformation of organic matter These substances are composed of a mixture of non-humic substances (sugars, amino acids, polysaccharides, proteins, etc.) and humic substances, which are mixtures of different complex macromolecular compounds (Porta et al, 1994)

Effect of Humic Substances on Plant Development

Humic substances applied by foliar route have better results because absorption is more immediate. By applying products containing humic substances, the development of apical meristems can be increased, because they influence some biochemical processes in the cell wall. In addition, they can act as nutrient transport by interacting with membrane phospholipids (Chen et al, 1990).

According to Chen et al (1990), in studies conducted in England by Lawes and Gilbert (1905), it was found that soil fertility can be preserved for very long times only with the application of minerals as fertilizer. However, there is the possibility that humic acid, in addition to giving advantages in terms of plant growth, generates some kind of synergism with minerals.

According to Bottomly (1920) cited by Chen et al (1990), the humic substance in mineral solutions helps the growth of several plant species, which makes the author believe that this substance acts as a plant growth hormone, which he called “auximone " However, other researchers such as Olsen (1930) and Burk et al (1932), say that the positive effect of humic substances on plants is attributed to the solubilization of ions such as Fe, so when humic substances are used to To improve the growth of plants, it is necessary to supply enough minerals. The absorption of organic macromolecules in plants has biochemical effects on the cell wall, membrane or cytoplasm. In the case of humic and fulvic acids, plant growth is favored if they are applied via foliar in concentrations of 50 to 300 mg / L, or in nutrient solutions in concentrations of 25 to 300 mg / L (Chen et al 1990).

Efficient Microorganisms (EM)

In 1980, Dr. Teruo Higa, professor of horticulture at the University of Ryukyus in Okinawa, Japan, discovered the existence of MS. This product is currently distributed in more than 80 countries in the world. The EM comes from the English name Efficient Microorganisms (EM Technologies, 1998). According to Higa's clarifications, MS is an ideal, sustainable agricultural system that maintains and improves human health. In addition, it helps protect the environment and is more economically accessible. The microorganisms of EM, are a group of formulations of microorganisms that have been developed and patented by Dr. Teruo Higa, with the aim of creating a living soil, capable of allowing high crop yields while the microorganisms support their own processes and eventually, they become able to synthesize their own food. There are various types of formulations normally known as EM2, EM3, EM4, depending on the type of microorganisms. EM2 and EM3 are used in growing crops to facilitate the availability of organic matter and minerals in the soil. The EM2 formula contains yeasts, photosynthetic bacteria and fungi. The formula EM3 has bacteria, azotobacter and photosynthetic actinomycetes and EM4 is used to facilitate the decomposition of crop residues and other types of organic matter. This formula is mainly composed of lactobacillus (EM Technologies, 1998).

MS is a product that has many uses in agriculture. It is mainly used to accelerate processes of decomposition and fermentation of organic matter. It can also be applied directly to the soil, organic matter or foliar. When applied to plants in a foliar way, it allows a better assimilation of nutrients and creates competition with other harmful microorganisms that can interfere with the proper development of the crop (Sustainable Community Development, 2001).